When are you too old to benefit from quitting smoking??? NEVER!!!
A recent systemic review published in the Archives of Internal Medicine looked at cohort studies conducted in the United States, China, Australia, Japan, England, France and Spain in adults 60 years of age and older. Research prior to this focused on the effects of smoking cessation in middle aged adults. To no surprise, quitting smoking at even older ages reduces the risk for death especially as more time passes since quitting smoking. These findings are very relevant as we are living longer than ever before. In other words, current smokers had a 83% increased mortality risk but former smokers had a 34% increased mortality risk compared to individuals who have never smoked.
We all know that one should not smoke now. However, it is not as easy as that. Society at one time encouraged smoking as it was the norm. Companies bombarded individuals with advertising from an early age to get them to smoke. Others have grown up exposed in homes with smokers. Now there is research to support smoking cessation in older patients. These are the same individuals that believe they are too old to quit or more importantly too old to benefit from quitting. Smoking is a strong risk factor for premature death and cohort studies such as this further emphasis the benefits of quitting smoking. The more time that has elapsed since quitting smoking, the lower the mortality rate becomes even in older former smokers.
With older individuals instead of focusing on educating about the risks of smoking, the focus needs to be on providing them with the tools to effectively quit smoking. Most people already know the risks but, they lack the practical tools to effectively quit. Quitting smoking is a multi level decision since it involves physical, mental and emotional aspects. In order to be effective, one's body needs to physically quit smoking while establishing healthy coping mechanisms to handle stress especially when placed in tempting situations. Breaking old habits is difficult but it starts with the first step of deciding to do so.
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